Dietary management of donkeys is especially important as they are prone to obesity and related disorders. Feed good quality forage and donkey specific proprietary foods. They are often associated with disorders that disrupt urinary flow. Obesity-related complications can regularly lead to dangerous conditions in donkeys. Our recommendation to conduct routine health examinations every six to eight weeks must be done in conjunction with daily observations. As such, they have different nutrient requirements with significantly lower energy and protein needs when compared with horses. However, the Coggins test can help diagnose and control the disease. They tend to latch on around the groins, ears, and behind leg joints. Tetanus can be prevented by annual vaccinations. Sweet Itch is predominantly caused by midges. Consult your, Pick up manure from the paddock a minimum of twice per week, Reduce stress and ensure you ‘trickle feed’ the donkey. Their hair should be clean and flat against their body, not standing on end. It is most commonly spread by animal bites, but can also be spread from contact with the saliva of an infected animal through a break in the skin, or by touching eyes, nose, or mouth after touching saliva. Lungworm (Dictyocaulus arnfieldi): Lungworms can be present in large numbers in the donkey without the animal showing any signs. Treatment involves rest and careful observation to prevent secondary infections. Isolate any sick donkeys or horses and disinfect their environment. Contact your veterinarian for the best course of action. It is caused by a bacteria spread by other animals. Donkeys are particularly susceptible to this condition. Then trim the hair around the abscess, disinfect the surface with an antiseptic, and make a low, small, vertical incision with a sharp and sterilized knife. In these instances, you will need to weigh what is in the best interest of all of your residents. There is no vaccination either. Be sure to wear gloves and dispose of these as well, and wash up thoroughly before coming into contact with other donkeys or horses. NSAIDs can be used to encourage relaxation of the tendons. Identifying the underlying cause and treating it is the best course of action. Mites can be transmitted from one donkey to another by contact or grooming equipment, so avoid contact of animals and using the same grooming material. Their normal respiratory rate is 16-20 breaths-per-minute, and this may also increase with colic, depending on the cause. Your feedback helps us make the best resources possible! The most common ear mite of cats is Otodectes cynotis, and therefore an infestation with ear mites is sometimes called "otodectic mange." As with the human version, Equine Flu is It is mainly acquired through inhalation of the virus from ill animals coughing, but it is also possible to spread it indirectly through food buckets or humans that have been in contact with sick donkeys. Conjunctivitis is a non-specific symptom or response of the eye to injury. The donkey will exhibit signs of lameness. If a donkey is found to have PPID, there are long-term treatment options available. Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis is a neurological condition affecting donkeys and other equines. It is possible to treat a small separation by flushing and bandaging the area, and administering antibiotics and NSAIDs. Some are crusty and wart-like and cause hair-loss and thickened skin around the lesion. Call a veterinarian to discuss the symptoms and proper course of treatment. It can be hard to detect early signs of Hyperlipaemia in donkeys. While is is common to see signs of Cushing’s disease in horses in the form of long, hairy coats, and excessive urinating and drinking, it is harder to see these signs in donkeys. Affected donkeys typically do not give this disease to other animals or humans, but it can be spread by cows, goats, wild pigs, sheep, deer, and related animals to horses, donkeys, and humans. We have produced a Donkey Care Handbook and a number of fact sheets to answer every question in all areas of donkey care, as well as providing training courses for people who are planning to own or to rehome a pair Lungworms are an internal parasite that commonly affect donkeys. Please consider supporting The Open Sanctuary Project by making a donation today! There are many factors that might cause ulcers to develop, including age, sex, temperament, exercise intensity, intermittent versus continuous feeding, stall confinement, high concentrate diets, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, parasites (, Severe febrile diseases (diseases causing prolonged, high fevers), Administering corticosteroids to a laminitic patient (iatrogenic). If you notice that a donkey is unhealthy, it’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian or compassionate care expert and prioritize accurately diagnosing the problem. The most common include lice, mites, and ticks, though there are certainly more. Grass cracks start at the bottom of the hoof and crack upwards, while sand cracks start at the coronary band and crack downwards. In severe cases, your farrier should work with a veterinarian to make sure that the work does not cause any instability to the hoof. The heart rate of a donkey with colic is often increased above their average normal of about 44 beats-per-minute. By paying regular attention to the herd, you may see some subtle cues in the event that something is amiss. An abnormally shaped upright foot can be caused by congenital or acquired deformities of the deep digital flexor tendon. A biopsy can trigger further growth and should be avoided when a sarcoid is suspected. If a source includes the (Non-Compassionate Source) tag, it means that we do not endorse that particular source’s views about animals, even if some of their insights are valuable from a care perspective. Vaccinate donkeys routinely based on your veterinarian’s recommendations. The white line area can become crumbly. Kalanchoe Tomentosa – Care of Panda Plant Pussy Ears Donkey Ears Kalanchoe plants are tender succulents that are very easy to grow and come in many leaf shapes and textures. When the bursa is fistulated or draining, most treatments include removing any involved tissues and flushing the area with dilute betadine or other solutions. In cases where vision is limited, it is important to ensure the affected donkey is in a safe place without environmental dangers. Mange is treated with Ivermectin (three time each 10 days apart (day o Their ears can have a modest amount of earwax or debris in them, but should be clear of any ear mites. Other symptoms include dribbling or scalding of the perineum and legs. Dog ear mites are a lot more common than many of us think, but not all pet owners can recognize them. Treatment for arthritis differs depending on the root cause, so if you believe that a donkey is suffering from arthritis, it’s important to consult with your veterinarian. Sarcoids can be found on any part of the body but they are most common around the head, eyes, groin, midline, and, axilla (underarms). Rain scald is a common skin condition in donkeys and horses. Certain types of mites have a predilection toward certain places on the body. Unfortunately for the humans looking out for them, donkeys don’t tend to show any signs that they’re sick until it can’t be hidden any longer, usually resulting in much more intensive treatment than an early diagnosis would have led to. When a UTI has spread to the kidneys it is called pyelonephritis. However, corticosteroids are likely to worsen the symptoms. If a donkey has particularly bad breath, it could be symptomatic of an infection and require deeper examination. If the insulin level tests high, your veterinarian may confirm the diagnosis with a Combined Glucose-Insulin Test. Hoof avulsions happen when the hoof wall becomes partially or fully detached from the foot. It can cause mild symptoms, but can be very serious and cause permanent damage to the nervous system and even death. Toe abscesses are common, so protect the donkey’s toe region from over wear. If a donkey has recurrent infections and parasites, you should consider calling your veterinarian. These progress to white or grey opacity, preventing light from being reflected from the retina. In severe cases, your. Fistulous withers is a condition found in horses and donkeys where the supraspinous bursa (located near the withers) becomes inflamed. In cases like these, it’s crucial to keep the donkey moving while waiting for veterinary intervention. Ear mites live and burrow in the external ear canals and cause a lot of irritation. Thrush is prevented by keeping a donkey’s feet clean and dry as much as possible. You shouldn’t be able to hear a donkey breathe in ideal circumstances. Excessively sticky, yellow, or odorous earwax needs addressing. Cryptorchidism is a condition where one or both testes fails to descend from the abdomen into the scrotal sac. Although sarcoids are benign, they can can grow and become infected. oto=ear, dectes=biter, cynotis=of the dog). Because donkeys evolved in arid, inhospitable environments, their bodies are able to thrive on highly fibrous, poor quality food. (Back to the top). The “stoic” nature of a donkey may mean the only signs of colic you observe are “dullness” and an unwillingness to eat. If that happens, it may cause pain or infections. Grass cracks start at the bottom of the hoof and crack upwards, while sand cracks start at the coronary band and crack downwards. The healing donkey should be kept on clean, dry ground until fully recovered. To treat, shave or clip the affected area, apply diluted antiseptic, and leave the afflicted area open to the air to dry. It’s best if they’re holding it up on their own volition. They will also have lesions with greasy, scaly skin and hair loss. Symptoms include depression, incoordination, staggering, trembling, convulsions, excitement, bleeding, and unfortunately, typically death. Here are some common causes of diarrhea: Ensure the donkey receives plenty of fluids and call a veterinarian in order to diagnose and administer proper treatment to the donkey resident. They make apply a poultice to draw out the abscess to the surface. , and therefore require a much closer look to determine if something is amiss. Hoof cracks can be categorized as grass or sand cracks. Strangles is a highly contagious upper respiratory infection caused by Streptococcus equi bacteria. In the meantime, feed only hay grass until your veterinarian advises differently and move the afflicted donkey onto soft ground. They can cause inflammation of the brain in both equines and humans. Make sure you dispose of any material that comes into contact with them as hazardous material. Donkeys are not able to efficiently regulate the issue, leading to increased fat levels in the blood, potentially leading to liver and kidney degeneration and failure. Check their head for abscesses, which could be a symptom of Pigeon Fever, which is highly contagious and requires quarantine and intervention. we’ve developed a free printable donkey health exam form, Techniques And Practices Necessary For Responsible Donkey Care. Some cataracts are congenital, while others are acquired. An example of accesses of the internal organs is Strangles, an infection caused by Streptococcus equi that causes abscesses in the lymph nodes below the ear and under the throat, as well as in the internal organs. If the bursa is un-ruptured and not draining, treatment with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents is recommended. Some are crusty and wart-like and cause hair-loss and thickened skin around the lesion. Wet, muddy conditions can exacerbate these issues and is a risk factor. If they’re poorly formed, watery, strong smelling, yellow, or bloody, it could be a sign of dehydration, diarrhea, parasites, illness, or improper nutrition. Rolling and pawing at the ground (rare in donkeys, if seen indicates very serious problems), Color of gums or inside eyelid – brick red color is a poor sign, Lack of, or a reduction in the normal quantity of droppings. Check their udders and ensure that they are not hot, swollen, painful, or tough, which can be a symptom of Mastitis and requires treatment. Unless they’re in a life-threatening situation, you should be your resident’s advocate, not their doctor. Daily medication and bi-annual blood test are required for maintenance. Confirmations of anthrax must be reported to government officials. Some cataracts are congenital, while others are acquired. Since ear mites can be hard to see and may not be the only reason for inflammation or damage to a cat's ear, it's best to have your cat checked out by a veterinarian for a professional diagnosis. Be prepared to check them over every six to eight weeks*! There are annual or semi-annual vaccinations available against EEE and WEE. Symptoms can include stumbling, falling, weakness, muscle stiffness and tightness, muscle atrophy, and localized sweating. Remove loose scabs and dispose of them to prevent further infections. While you wait for the veterinarian to arrive, continue monitoring the unwell donkey for further signs of discomfort. The treatment is to remove all dead and discolored material so new healthy horn can grow down. It can infect any equid, and some donkeys may not show any symptoms but can still be a source of infection for other animals. Sadly, there is currently no cure. (Back to the top), White Line Disease is when a fungus attacks the white line of tissue that attaches the sole to the hoof. Isolate any sick donkeys or horses and disinfect their environment. Catego ® is an effective Donkeys are generally more stoic in nature, and may only exhibit the smallest behavioral changes in response to an uncomfortable or painful feeling. Hyperlipaemia is a potentially life-threatening condition that is not uncommon in donkeys. Mites in the ear Other uses Donkeys Wounds Other uses Goats Itchy, dry skin/hair loss Other uses Horses Midge barrier Fleshy Growths Cracks & sores on legs Wounds Mites, … If it is in fact ear mites. Obesity may present itself in specific areas of the body, specifically the crest of the neck, the trunk, and the fatty pads over the rump. Ensure that they don’t have any mites, lice, tapeworms, or other parasites. Remove loose scabs and dispose of them to prevent further infections. A single testicle should never be removed if the other cannot be located; the animal may remain fertile and this could lead to serious welfare implications if mares and jennies are impregnated. Diets high in concentrates, fruits, and lush grass can cause issues. Ear mites are a type of mite that lives in the ear canal. There are several species of mites that affect donkeys, Signs of mite infestations are severe itching, possibly causing the donkey to rub against objects, stamp their feet, or bite at themselves. While the virus triggers an immune response, it is not effective in eliminating the infection. Due to the stoical behavior commonly exhibited by donkeys, it is important to be aware of any behavioral changes or intermittent lameness in a donkey that might be related to underlying laminitis. There is a possibility that human can get infected from ear mites from kittens or any other pet for that... Where Can I Get A Lifesize Cardboard Cut Out Of A Donkey? Washing the eye to remove dirt or a foreign object is a good first step. Abscesses on their body could be a symptom of Pigeon Fever. Prior to regularly conducting donkey health examinations, you should have a veterinarian or compassionate care expert give you hands-on training in order to be the best donkey health advocate possible. In these cases, improper hoof trimming can also result in overgrown hooves. There are annual rabies vaccinations to protect donkey residents from this disease. Although sarcoids are benign, they can can grow and become infected. It’s important to monitor a donkey’s poop to recognize what healthy donkey droppings look like, which can be quite diverse between donkeys, and even different days. If their hooves are overgrown, schedule a trimming with a farrier as soon as you can. Much like the common advice given to humans, it’s important to regularly check the health of donkeys with a routine physical examination rather than waiting until a donkey is showing signs of distress or illness. It is important to identify the cause, removing the source of pain where applicable. Symptoms include less motion, laying down more often, weight loss, shabby coat, strange gait, and swollen joints. the severity does seem to increase with age. These clues can say a lot about a donkey’s health. Difficulty walking, stumbling, weakness of limbs. The “stoic” nature of a donkey may mean the only signs of colic you observe are “dullness” and an unwillingness to eat. Poll evil is a disease where the area is injured or becomes inflamed and swells, and eventually the infection leads to devitalized tissue. Acquired causes of cataracts can be caused by trauma or ocular disease, UV light, toxin ingestion, and ionizing radiation. Steroid treatment can help alleviate itching and inflammation. Infection is spread primarily through insect bites, but can also be transmitted through contaminated needles and other instruments, or passed on from mare to foal during pregnancy. It is more common in wet environments. Be sure to wash your hands, clean and disinfect your boots, wear latex or plastic gloves, and change clothes between handling quarantined donkeys and other donkey residents. This is not an exhaustive list of everything that can happen to a donkey, but can help you get a sense of what challenges a resident under your care may face in their lifetime. Feed – sudden changes to diet, poor quality food, too much grass, feeding cereals: Make any dietary changes gradually over at least a week, ideally 2-4 weeks. (Back to the top), Cystitis or urinary tract infections (UTI) are common in equines. Antibiotics are also often given to help prevent additional infections. Dirt will only push the crack further apart. The Truth About Donkeys, Horses, And Lungworm | The Donkey Sanctuary, A Guide To Donkey Care | American Mule Association (Non-Compassionate Source), The Scoop On Poop | Horse & Rider (Non-Compassionate Source), Signs Of Horse Illness | Horse (Non-Compassionate Source), Knowing When To Call The Vet For Your Horse | Dummies (Non-Compassionate Source), Know Your Healthy Horse | Equisearch (Non-Compassionate Source). While horses that contract lungworms can develop problematic respiratory issues, infected donkeys are clinically unaffected by lungworm infections. Generally, a mature donkey should have between 12-20 breaths per minute. Symptoms of conjunctivitis include a reddened, inflamed membrane, and watery/mucousy discharge. Cloudy, watery, dry, swollen, constantly blinking, or crusty eyes indicates likely illness, injury, or potentially the gradual development of blindness in older donkeys. This obscures the structures behind the lens. If you take in a donkey with severely overgrown hooves, you should get a radiograph to ascertain whether bone changes have occurred within the hoof. Be sure to check for these three parasites every time you conduct a donkey health checkup! NSAIDs can be used to encourage relaxation of the tendons. tag, it means that we do not endorse that particular source’s views about animals, even if some of their insights are valuable from a care perspective. Equine Flu is a contagious viral respiratory disease caused by various strains of the Influenza virus. They can be cured with over the counter ear miticides pretty easily and just as well as with what a vet would sell you. Discard or sterilize anything that comes into contact with the pus and monitor the wound for up to a month. Their skin should not have lice, mange, itchiness, mites, nits, lumps, cuts, cysts, bruises, gangrene, larvae, maggots, dry patches, blisters, or pressure sores. Gross! Minimizing exposure to wet and muddy environments can help prevent and treat rain scald. If you suspect a donkey is suffering from anthrax, you must contact your veterinarian immediately. Laminitis may develop gradually, with the only sign being laminitis rings on the hooves, or it could be associated with seasonal turnout to pasture, and present as severe recurrent painful laminitis. Close daily observation can be difficult with certain individuals or groups who come from challenging backgrounds. (Back to the top), Endocrine Disorders In Donkeys | The Donkey Sanctuary, Gastric Ulcers In Donkeys  | The Donkey Sanctuary, Sarcoids In Donkeys | The Donkey Sanctuary, The Working Equid Veterinary Manual | The Brooke, Equine Influenza | Merck Veterinary Manual, Three Forms Of Pigeon Fever | American Association Of Equine Practitioners, 15 Facts On Donkey Health | The Horse.com (Non-Compassionate Source), Lungworms In Donkeys And Horses | Stable Management (Non-Compassionate Source), Equine Infectious Anemia: What to Know | NC State Veterinary Medicine (Non-Compassionate Source), Diseases That Affect Horses, Ponies, Mules, And Donkeys | National Center For Foreign Animal And Zoonotic Disease Defense (Non-Compassionate Source), Equine Brucellosis: Review On Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Clinical Signs, Prevention And Control | Journal Of Experimental Biology And Agricultural Sciences (Non-Compassionate Source), Gastric Ulcer Syndrome In Donkeys | Revue De Medecine Veterinaire (Non-Compassionate Source), West Nile Virus And Horses | Mosquito Control (Non-Compassionate Source). Diets high in concentrates, fruits, and lush grass can cause issues. Not only will this help you get to know what all aspects of a healthy donkey looks and feels like, but familiarizing a donkey with human handling might help them stay more calm in stressful situations. Donkeys with pyelonephritis may appear depressed and anorexic. Your cat has ear mites or an ear infection. Worms – migrating worm larvae or large numbers of worms causing an obstruction: Ensure regular fecal worm egg counts are carried out to determine if donkeys require treating for worms. However the mare should not be allowed to mate (mounted) until she is 3 years old when she will give birth at 4 years of age. (Back to the top), Gastric ulcers are lesions on the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Respiratory issues, infected donkeys will become depressed and die if you have questions. 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