6- Lake Malawi / Nyasa (706 meters) At 706 meters, Lake Malawi or Lake Nyasa is the 6th deepest lake in the world. Martens; Schön; Meisch; and Horne (2008). baicalensis. Deep lakes hold a special place in the human imagination. The lake became the site of the minor engagement between the Czechoslovak legion and the Red Army in 1918. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 195, 281–298, 2003. [58] The morphology of the Baikal ostracods is highly diverse. It is also regarded as the world’s oldest lake. As many as 1,000 species of fish have been recorded in the lake, which means that it is home to about 15% of all freshwater fish species on Earth. Among the most diverse invertebrate groups are the amphipod and ostracod crustaceans, freshwater snails, annelid worms and turbellarian worms: More than 350 species and subspecies of amphipods are endemic to the lake. The world’s deepest lake is Lake Baikal, which has a depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet). Since the Stone Age, human communities on the shores of the lake have fed themselves by fishing there. The lake gets its characteristic milky turquoise color from the high concentration of rock flour suspended in the water from the glacier. [55] The vast majority of the Baikal ostracods belong in the families Candonidae (more than 100 described species) and Cytherideidae (about 50 described species),[55][57] but genetic studies indicate that the true diversity in at least the latter family has been heavily underestimated. Gold and bronze artifacts belonging to the Scythian people—the earliest settlers of Kyrgyzstan—have been found nearby. Crater Lake, in Crater Lake National Park in Oregon, is one example. This lake is situated in Siberia Russian and has been given the title of the deepest lake in the world. A popular resort in Listvyanka is home to the seven-story Hotel Mayak. [50] It is estimated that the epischurans filter as much as a thousand cubic kilometers of water a year, or the lake's entire volume every twenty-three years.[51]. [34] More than 400 diatom species, both benthic and planktonic, are found in the lake, and about half of these are endemic to Baikal; however, significant taxonomic uncertainties remain for this group.[34]. The lake is surrounded by mountains; the Baikal Mountains on the north shore, the Barguzin Range on the northeastern shore, and the taiga are protected as a national park. [33], Submerged macrophytic vascular plants are mostly absent, except in some shallow bays along the shores of Lake Baikal. The fault zone is also seismically active; hot springs occur in the area and notable earthquakes happen every few years. Its maximum depth is 668 meters or 2,192 feet. "the Little Sea". [34] More than 85 species of submerged macrophytes have been recorded, including genera such as Ceratophyllum, Myriophyllum, Potamogeton, and Sparganium. Commercial fishing and tourism to the Caspian shore play a vital role in the economies of the surrounding countries. The lake’s great depth and the archaeological richness of the area have stimulated researchers’ and treasure hunters’ curiosity; from time to time, expeditions are launched in hopes of finding a “Kyrgyz Atlantis”—ancient ruins that supposedly lie in deeper areas of the lake. Issyk Kul is the second largest saline lake in the world after the Caspian Sea. According to folktales related a century after the fact, in 1623, Demid Pyanda, who may have been the first Russian to reach the Lena, crossed from the upper Lena to the Angara and arrived at Yeniseysk. Approximately 25 million years old, Lake Baikal is also the oldest lake in the world. They recorded that the lake was a "huge sea" (hanhai) and designated it the North Sea (Běihǎi) of the semimythical Four Seas. [113], According to The Moscow Times and Vice, an increasing number of an invasive species of algae thrives in the lake from hundreds of tons of liquid waste, including fuel and excrement, regularly disposed into the lake by tourist sites, and up to 25,000 tons of liquid waste are disposed of every year by local ships. [67] In the nearshore regions of Baikal, the largest benthic biomass is sponges. Somewhat crescent shaped, it is in the southern Siberia area of Russia. It hosts more than 1,000 species of plants and 2,500 species of animals based on current knowledge, but the actual figures for both groups are believed to be significantly higher. The copepod Epischura baikalensis is endemic to Lake Baikal and the dominating zooplankton species there, making up 80 to 90% of total biomass. 24,000 BP. [85] Viktor Grigorov's Grand Baikal in Irkutsk is one of the investors, who planned to build three hotels, creating 570 jobs. ", Tide of discontent sweeps through Russia's struggling 'rust belt' – NBC News, "The Right to Know: Irkutsk Citizens Want to be Consulted", "Тема: (ENWL) Власти Иркутской обл. In 2007, the Russian government declared the Baikal region a special economic zone. The lake is 113 miles long and 37 miles wide. ; Kamaltynov, R.M. Price, 'Eastward to Empire',1973, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Raymond H. Fisher, The Voyage of Semon Dezhnev, The Haklyut Society, 1981, p. 246, "On the Baikal Sea I was in a shipwreck again" (На Байкалове море паки тонул), in the, railway around the southwestern end of Lake Baikal, Baikal Deep Underwater Neutrino Telescope, Eastern Siberia–Pacific Ocean oil pipeline, "A new bathymetric map of Lake Baikal. In the Lake Homes market footprint, Lake Superior ranks the deepest at 1,333 feet. The ice season ends in mid-April. These are mostly in deep water but locally have also been found in relatively shallow water. It is the world’s largest freshwater lake by volume. It contains 27 islands; the largest, Olkhon, is 72 km (45 mi) long and is the third-largest lake-bound island in the world. Baikal has a number of different tourist activities, depending on the season. The Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories, Canada. In 2015, the ice road to Olkhon was open from 17 February to 23 March. Water in the lake stays extremely cold in most places (does not exceed 10 C most of the year), but in few gulfs like Chivirkuy it can be comfortable for swimming. It sits on the border between Zambia, Burundi, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As the No.1 deepest lake, Lake Baikal tops our Top 10 Deepest Lakes in the World listicle. To this day, the strait between the western shore of the Lake and the Olkhon Island is called Maloye More (Малое море), i.e. Until its completion, a train ferry transported railcars across the lake from Port Baikal to Mysovaya for a number of years. [25], Lake Baikal as seen from the OrbView-2 satellite. There are many deep lakes in the world. Issyk Kul is the second largest saline lake in the world after the Caspian Sea. The Great Slave Lake, in Canada’s Northwest Territories, is named after a group of Athabascan-speaking Indians called the Slave or Slavey. The area was inhabited by humans at the time, and it is generally believed that the oral traditions of the local Klamath Indians concerning the creation of the lake reflect a mythologized but authentic account of the eruption and collapse. Most of them are governmental or associated with governmental organizations. They are often abundant in shallow waters, where they are typically less than 2 cm (1 in) long, but in deeper parts of the lake, the largest, Baikaloplana valida, can reach up to 30 cm (1 ft) when outstretched. [28] During this period, the temperature slowly increases with depth in the lake, being coldest near the ice-covered surface at around freezing, and reaching about 3.5–3.8 °C (38.3–38.8 °F) at a depth of 200–250 m (660–820 ft). Crater Lake in the Cascade Range, southwestern Oregon. photo: Jason Rogers / Wikicommons Despite the impressive depths of the other lakes on the list, Lake Baikal has them all beat. [63] A smaller number of other freshwater annelids is known: 30 species of leeches (Hirudinea),[64] and 4 polychaetes. Non-fishermen may try fresh Baikal fish in local village markets. A number of ill-documented expeditions explored eastward from Krasnoyarsk. He crossed the lake and explored the lower Selenge River. [8] It is among the world's clearest[9] lakes and is the world's oldest lake,[10] at 25–30 million years. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. A 640kyr geomagnetic and paleoclimatic record from Lake Baikal sediments. Since the 1970s, scientists had suspected the presence of a large mass of trapped fresh water underneath the ice at the site, but it wasn’t until 1996 that British and Russian researchers were able to provide exact measurements by using ice-penetrating radar. Lake Baikal endemic sponge Lubomirskia baikalensis: structure and organization of the gene family of silicatein and its role in morphogenesis. This allows access to the figures of ice that are formed at rocky banks of Olkhon Island, including Cape Hoboy, the Three Brothers rock, and caves to the North of Khuzhir. Quesnel Lake: 13th Deepest Lake in the World. The incredible average depth is around 2,442 feet deep. As the oldest freshwater lake in the world, it has been around for more than 20 million years. The latter song was a secondary theme song for the Soviet Union's second color film, Ballad of Siberia (1947; Сказание о земле Сибирской). ; and N.M. Pronin (2013). It's a natural lake located in Sorowako area in South Sulawesi province with unique natural diversity. Peck, J.W. [11][12] It is unique among large, high-latitude lakes, as its sediments have not been scoured by overriding continental ice sheets. This body of water is both the largest and deepest lake in the world and measures 1,642 metres deep, while it contains around 20% of the unfrozen fresh surface water in the world. The total volume of water in the lake is approximately 5,660 cubic miles (23,615 cubic kilometers). It is also considered the clearest and geologically the oldest lake on the planet with its age estimated at 25-30 million years. Rivarola-Duartea; Otto; Jühling; Schreiber; Bedulina; Jakob; Gurkov; Axenov-Gribanov; Sahyoun; Lucassen; Hackermüller; Hoffmann; Sartoris; Pörtner; Timofeyev; Luckenbach; and Stadler (2014). They were joined by another band of rioters from Krasnoyarsk, but left the Buryat country when they ran short of food. For other uses, see, Cancelled East Siberia-Pacific Ocean oil pipeline. To the west, Krasnoyarsk on the upper Yenisei was founded in 1627. Karanovic, I.; and T.Y. It is somewhat less than 2,000 feet deep. [66] Lubomirskia baicalensis, Baikalospongia bacillifera, and B. intermedia are unusually large for freshwater sponges and can reach 1 m (3.3 ft) or more. Spring ice melt underway on Lake Baikal, on 4 May: Notice the ice-covered north, while much of the south is already ice-free. Although we love our country’s lakes, today, we appreciate the five deepest lakes across the globe. [25][31] During this time, the pattern is inverted compared to the winter and spring, as the water temperature falls with increasing depth. [111], An enrichment center was constructed in the 2010s. The world's deepest lake is Lake Baikal in Russia. The route is prepared by specialists every year and it opens when the ice conditions allow it. It is also a relatively young lake, having been formed about 7,700 years ago when a massive volcano called Mount Mazama collapsed following an eruption. It is the deepest lake in North America and the second largest lake in Canada. The lake’s Kyrgyz name, Ysyk-köl, means “Hot Lake,” as it never freezes, even though winter temperatures in the area regularly reach −15 °F (−26 °C). [73] Little was known to Europeans about the lake until Russia expanded into the area in the 17th century. Lake Baikal formed as an ancient rift valley and has a long, crescent shape, with a surface area of 31,722 km2 (12,248 sq mi). According to 19th-century traveler T. W. Atkinson, locals in the Lake Baikal Region had the tradition that Christ visited the area: The people have a tradition in connection with this region which they implicitly believe. [23] The main ones draining directly into Baikal are the Selenga, the Barguzin, the Upper Angara, the Turka, the Sarma, and the Snezhnaya. It was formed 25 million years ago through the planet’s diverging crust. Beginning in 1956, the impounding of the Irkutsk Dam on the Angara River raised the level of the lake by 1.4 m (4.6 ft). [34][65], At least 18 species of sponges occur in the lake,[66] including 14 species from the endemic family Lubomirskiidae (the remaining are from the nonendemic family Spongillidae). [79][80] Russian scientist and federal politician Artur Chilingarov, the leader of the mission, took part in the Mir dives[81] as did Russian leader Vladimir Putin. Crater Lake, in Crater Lake National Park in Oregon, is one example. [9] During the winter, the water transparency in open sections can be as much as 30–40 m (100–130 ft), but during the summer it is typically 5–8 m (15–25 ft). Note: For some lakes, "Deepest Lakes" is unknown or does not apply, so this comparison may show fewer lakes than you originally selected.Suggest a new lake. [60] Bivalve diversity is lower with more than 30 species; about half of these, all in the families Euglesidae, Pisidiidae, and Sphaeriidae, are endemic (the only other family in the lake is the Unionidae with a single nonendemic species). Two of these songs are well known in Russia and its neighboring countries, such as Japan. Mountains on the Svyatoy Nos Peninsula, Zabaykalsky National Park, The river Turka at its mouth before joining Lake Baikal, Baikal is one of the clearest lakes in the world. The marsh thistle (Cirsium palustre) is found here at the eastern limit of its geographic range. It also provides access to small islands like Ogoy Island and Zamogoy. For the quality of service and comfort from the visitor's point of view, Lake Baikal still has a long way to go. At 5,387 feet (1,642 meters) deep and with a surface area of 12,248 square miles (31,722 square kilometers) it is the deepest lake in the world and the seventh largest by surface area. [25] Baikal is rich in oxygen, even in deep sections,[25] which separates it from distinctly stratified bodies of water such as Lake Tanganyika and the Black Sea. Пресноводные водоемы, растительность, животный мир", "Зоопланктон в экосистеме озера Байкал / О Байкале.ру – Байкал. 14 Significant Paintings at Nationalmuseum in Sweden. In 1628, Pyotr Beketov first encountered a group of Buryats and collected yasak (tribute) from them at the future site of Bratsk. The outlet discharges its waters into the Pacific Ocean at a rate of 18,000 cubic feet (510 cubic m). (1997). This list counts down the nine deepest lakes on Earth. The Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories, Canada. Lake Baikal, located in southern Siberia, is the largest source of freshwater on Earth, containing 23% of the world’s freshwater. [34] Of particular note are the two species of golomyanka (Comephorus baicalensis and C. dybowskii). [11][12] It is the seventh-largest lake in the world by surface area. Lake Baikal, Russia. Their primitive sounding device … [108][109] Work began on the pipeline two days after President Putin agreed to changing the route away from Lake Baikal. In 1653, Pyotr Beketov took Kolesnikov's route to Lake Irgen west of Chita, and that winter his man Urasov founded Nerchinsk. Large quantities of oil and natural gas are also extracted from the Caspian seabed via offshore rigs. Lake Baikal (/baɪˈkɑːl, -ˈkæl/;[3] Russian: озеро Байкал, tr. This made it difficult for other Russians to enter the area. That is extremely deep, but it isn’t the deepest. [25][44] All these are part of the Cottoidea and are typically less than 20 cm (8 in) long. [66][68] These three are also the most common sponges in the lake. One of the most remarkable is the Baikal seal (also called the nerpa), the only species of seal in the world to live exclusively in a freshwater habitat. Lake Tanganyika is not only the longest lake in the world (673 kilometres), but it’s also the second-deepest (1,470 metres) after Russia’s Lake Baikal. For nearly half the year, the ice on the lake is thick enough to hold trucks and cars; every day in the winter, several hundred vehicles take a shortcut from Yellowknife to the community of Dettah via an ice road. Evans, J.A. ", "Ecotourism in Siberia: Development and Challenges on Olkhon Island", "World's deepest lake crippled by putrid algae, poaching and pollution", Some aspects of nature protection in the scientific heritage of academician Innokentiy Gerasimov, "Economic crisis saves Lake Baikal from pollution", "Russia Uses Microsoft to Suppress Dissent", "Russians Debate Fate of Lake: Jobs Or Environment? [46] Beyond members of Cottoidea, there are few endemic fish species in the lake basin. At 5,387 feet (1,642 meters) deep and with a surface area of 12,248 square miles (31,722 square kilometers) it is the deepest lake in the world and the seventh largest by surface area. It is also among the most cleare… [32], The watershed of Lake Baikal has numerous floral species represented. Search Results. [17] In geological terms, the rift is young and active – it widens about 2 cm (0.8 in) per year. Lake Tanganyika (Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Zambia)- 4,823 ft. photo: Worldtraveller / Wikicommons. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world (by volume) and the world's deepest lake. Lying at an elevation of 5,270 feet (1,606 meters) in the Tien Shan mountains of Kyrgyzstan is Lake Ysyk, one of the world’s largest alpine lakes. The lake has so much volume to it that it is also recognized as the worlds most voluminous lake, it truly holds over 20% of the worlds total unfrozen freshwater. Critics and environmentalists argued it would be a disaster for the region and are urging the government to reconsider. In 1643, Kurbat Ivanov went further up the Lena and became the first Russian to see Lake Baikal and Olkhon Island. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. [119] It is also attested in the famous song, now passed into the tradition, that opens with the words Славное море, священный Байкал (Glorious sea, [the] sacred Bajkal). Daneliya, M.E. The ice itself has a transparency of one meter depth, having different patterns of crevasses, bubbles, and sounds. This list contains all lakes whose maximum depth is reliably known to exceed 400 metres (1,300 ft) Geologically, the Caspian Sea, like the Black and Mediterranean seas, is a remnant of the ancient Tethys Ocean.The deepest area is oceanic rather than continental crust. [5][6] With 23,615.39 km3 (5,670 cu mi) of fresh water,[1] it contains more water than all of the North American Great Lakes combined. Belikov; Kaluzhnaya; Schröder; Müller; and Müller (2007). The lake was formed by an ancient rift valley and holds 20 per cent of all unfrozen freshwater on the planet; more than the water of the five North American Great Lakes. Lake Matano (Danau Matano in Bahasa Indonesia) also known as Matana Lake; is the deepest lake in Indonesia and the number 10 deepest lake in the world. The popularity of Lake Baikal is growing from year to year, but there is no developed infrastructure in the area. [citation needed], The Trans-Siberian Railway was built between 1896 and 1902. The road through the lake is 12 km (7.5 mi) long and it goes from the village Kurkut on the mainland, to Irkutskaya Guba on Olkhon Island.[86]. [106] Transneft agreed to alter its plans when Russian president Vladimir Putin ordered the company to consider an alternative route 40 kilometers (25 mi) to the north to avoid such ecological risks. Fault-controlled accommodation zones rising to depths about 300 m (980 ft) separate the basins. Half his party under Skorokhodov remained on the lake, reached the Upper Angara at its northern tip, and wintered on the Barguzin River on the northeast side. In 1638, it was besieged unsuccessfully. [25] It is caught, smoked, and then sold widely in markets around the lake. [56] This makes it the second-most diverse group of crustacean in the lake, after the amphipods. [89], Olkhon's most-populated village Khuzhir is an ecotourist destination. In 1635, Bratsk was restored by a punitive expedition under Radukovskii. Of the many utterly breathtaking lakes throughout the world, perhaps the most impressive is located in the isolated Russian region of Siberia. A breakthrough came in 2012, though, when a team of researchers successfully drilled all the way to the surface of the lake. Schön; Pieri; Sherbakov; and Martens (2017). [114][115], The first European to reach the lake is said to have been Kurbat Ivanov in 1643.[116]. It is somewhat less than 2,000 feet deep. During the winter and spring, the surface freezes for about 4–5 months; from early January to early May–June (latest in the north), the lake surface is covered in ice. [83], The lake, nicknamed "the Pearl of Siberia", drew investors from the tourist industry as energy revenues sparked an economic boom. Baikal is home to thousands of species of plants and animals, many of them endemic to the region. Baikal has seen an influx of visitors from China and Europe. as Transbaikalia or as the Transbaikal, and the loosely defined region around the lake itself is sometimes known as Baikalia. Uranium tailings contain radioactive and toxic materials, which if improperly stored, are potentially dangerous to humans and can contaminate rivers and lakes. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [69] Most sponges in the lake are typically green when alive because of symbiotic chlorophytes (zoochlorella), but can also be brownish or yellowish. Environmental activists in Russia,[103] Greenpeace, Baikal pipeline opposition[104] and local citizens[105] were strongly opposed to these plans, due to the possibility of an accidental oil spill that might cause significant damage to the environment. [59] About 30 freshwater snail species can be seen deeper than 100 m (330 ft), which represents the approximate limit of the sunlight zone, but only 10 are truly deepwater species. It is Lake Baikal in Russia. Scientists studying the samples have reported finding many new forms of bacterial life. [97] However, on 4 January 2010, production was resumed. Lake Ontario, one of the world's five Great Lakes, weaves over state and country borders, delighting Americans, Canadians, and visiting tourists with its deep, clear, clean waters. [25][43] The families Abyssocottidae (deep-water sculpins), Comephoridae (golomyankas or Baikal oilfish), and Cottocomephoridae (Baikal sculpins) are entirely restricted to the lake basin. It was their position that it was also necessary to preserve endemic species of local biota, and to maintain the area around Lake Baikal as a recreation zone. It is over a mile deep (1642 meters). Vehicles and people start to fall under ice. The most popular trail starts in Listvyanka and goes along the Baikal coast to Bolshoye Goloustnoye. The harsh northern climate means that the area is very sparsely populated (Yellowknife is the largest city in the Northwest Territories but has fewer than 20,000 inhabitants). They have little effect on the lake's temperature because of its huge volume. The wind on the exposed lake was so cold, many people died, freezing in place until spring thaw. Although originally reported as being successful, they did not set a world record for the deepest freshwater dive, reaching a depth of only 1,580 m (5,180 ft). The lake straddles the borders of Tanzania, Burundi, Congo DR, and Zambia. [101], Russian oil pipelines state company Transneft[102] was planning to build a trunk pipeline that would have come within 800 m (2,600 ft) of the lake shore in a zone of substantial seismic activity. Russian, U.S., and Japanese cooperative studies of deep-drilling core sediments in the 1990s provide a detailed record of climatic variation over the past 6.7 million years. According to the Transneft's president, numerous meetings with citizens near the lake were held in towns along the route, especially in Irkutsk. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 22 to 23% of the world's fresh surface water. [10], Russian map circa 1700, Baikal (not to scale) is at top, Steam locomotive on the Circum-Baikal Railroad, Angara [ru] was launched in 1900 and is one of the oldest surviving icebreakers, Several organizations are carrying out natural research projects on Lake Baikal. [62], With almost 200 described species, including more than 160 endemics, the center of diversity for aquatic freshwater oligochaetes is Lake Baikal. It has a depth of 1637 meters of 5369 ft. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 8(3): 415–22. [79] That record is currently held by Anatoly Sagalevich, at 1,637 m (5,371 ft) (also in Lake Baikal aboard a Pisces submersible in 1990). Kaygorodova, I.A. It holds about 23% of the total available freshwater in the world. This is the world’s second largest fresh water lake as well as the second deepest lake. Ozero Baykal, IPA: [ˈozʲɪrə bɐjˈkaɫ]; Buryat: Байгал нуур, Baigal nuur)[4] is a rift lake located in southern Siberia, Russia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast. About 90% of the Lake Baikal ostracods are endemic,[55] meaning that there are c. 200 endemic species. There are many deep lakes in the world. UNESCO declared Lake Baikal a World Heritage Site in 1996.[16]. The deepest lake in the world is Lake Baikal in Russia. Научно и популярно", "Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Station History", "Russian submersible dives in Lake Baikal do not establish new freshwater depth record", "Driving on frozen Lake Baikal in the winter", "Lake Baikal Travel Guide – Top Ten Attractions on Lake Baikal", "Самый теплый залив на Байкале – Чивыркуйский залив ! Baikal’s age and isolation have resulted in unique freshwater fauna. The motif of a bottomless lake is widespread in world mythology; in such bodies of water, one generally imagines finding monsters, lost cities, treasures, mermaids, realms of the dead, and so on. It is the deepest continental water body with a maximum depth of 5,315 feet (1,620 m) and a total surface area of 12,200 square miles (31,500 square km). Rosatom plans to build a laboratory near Baikal, in conjunction with an international uranium plant and to invest $2.5 billion in the region and create 2,000 jobs in the city of Angarsk.[85]. The lake is divided into three basins: North, Central, and South, with depths about 900 m (3,000 ft), 1,600 m (5,200 ft), and 1,400 m (4,600 ft), respectively. Krainov, M.E. Lake Baikal also happens to be around 25 million years old, making it the world’s oldest lake. [30], The average surface temperature has risen by almost 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) in the last 50 years, resulting in a shorter period where the lake is covered by ice. Hiking trails become open,[88] many of them cross two mountain ranges: Baikal Range on the western side and Barguzin Range on the eastern side of Baikal. In 1641, Verkholensk was founded on the upper Lena. Owing to increasing temperatures ice starts to melt and becomes shallow and fragile, especially in places with strong under-ice flows. [72] The Kurykans, a Siberian tribe who inhabited the area in the sixth century, gave it a name that translates to "much water". In the winter of 1920, the Great Siberian Ice March occurred, when the retreating White Russian Army crossed frozen Lake Baikal. [52] The "gigantism" of some Baikal amphipods, which has been compared to that seen in Antarctic amphipods, has been linked to the high level of dissolved oxygen in the lake. [28] On average, the ice reaches a thickness of 0.5 to 1.4 m (1.6–4.6 ft),[29] but in some places with hummocks, it can be more than 2 m (6.6 ft). 2. 96 ] in the lake itself is sometimes known as Baikalia, has a lower difficulty level and could passed. Cleare… lake Baikal 980 ft ) separate the basins Endemism occurs on large. Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox, `` Зоопланктон в экосистеме озера Байкал / Байкале.ру..., whence he looked down on all the way to go educational and research projects at lake Baikal was declared! At the eastern limit of its huge volume hold 20 % of the animals endemic! 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